Akshay Gupte, PhD, MBBS, MSPH, PhD

Role: 
Faculty
Assistant Professor
Akshay Gupte

Dr. Gupte is Assistant Professor of Global Health at the Boston University School of Public Health. His research is focused on the intersection of infectious and chronic lung diseases in low- and middle-income settings. He is the PI/multi-PI of NIH funded Indo-US collaborative studies to describe the epidemiology and pathogenesis of lung impairment in tuberculosis (TB)/HIV/diabetes, measure its impact on poor clinical outcomes, and identify therapeutic and programmatic interventions to improve post-TB lung health and longevity. Dr. Gupte serves on several multi-national TB/HIV research consortia, such as the TB Transformative Science Working Group of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG), Lung Health Working Group of the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) network, and is Chairperson of the Clinical and Epidemiology Working Group of the RePORT-India TB Research Consortium. He is a 2017 Fogarty Fellow and recipient of the Arthur M. Dannenberg, Jr., Award for excellence in TB research. Dr. Gupte completed his medical training in India, Master’s and Doctoral training from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and has previously served as faculty in the Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

Identification of Biomarkers That Can Predict Progression from Latent Tuberculosis Infection to Active Tuberculosis Disease

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2020-08-23
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Purpose: The C-TRIUMPH study has identified 20 household contacts (HHC), who have progressed to active TB from its HHCs cohort (Cohort B). Immunological profiling of TB antigen induced biosignatures, profiling of transcriptional and proteomic biosignatures should provide novel insights into the...

Epidemiology and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 in India (ECO-19)

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2020-07-09
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This study was terminated May 25, 2021 This is a prospective cohort study of adults with suspected COVID-19 to address key knowledge gaps in the epidemiology of disease severity and poor clinical outcomes in India. Results from this study may help clinicians in India focus limited health resources...

Tuberculosis (TB) Aftermath

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2020-06-05
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Drs. Vidya Mave and Jonathan Golub are co-PIs and Dr. Barthwal from DY Patil Medical College is local site PI for this study. TB Aftermath seeks to provide evidence for an effective and scalable strategy targeting HHs of treated TB cases, a high priority of the NTEP. Purpose To compare the...

Prevalence of Risk Factors for Lung Cancer and Facilitators and Barriers for Tobacco Cessation among People Living with HIV

Post Date: 
2020-04-01
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India has the world’s third largest HIV epidemic, with 2.1 million people currently living with HIV and an additional 90,000 new infections each year.[29] At the same time, expansion of the HIV response under India’s premier governmental agency - the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), has...

Increasing Market and Public Health Outcomes Through Scaling Up Affordable Access Models of Short Course Preventive Therapy for TB (IMPAACT4TB)

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2019-12-17
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Primary Objective: This study is being conducted in Brazil, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The overall goal is to reduce TB incidence among (1) people living with HIV who are on antiretroviral therapy, and...

Markers of Lung Impairment in HIV-TB Coinfected Indian Adults

Post Date: 
2019-12-11
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Objectives/Aims We will compare the degree of lung impairment between HIV-TB co-infected adults (HIV-TB group) and TB cases without HIV co-infection (TB group) who successfully complete TB therapy. We hypothesize that the HIV-TB group will have a greater degree of lung...

Inflammasome Genetics and Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-11-07
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Dr. Amita Gupta is a Co-PI on this study. STUDY DESIGN We will conduct a retrospective case-cohort study nested within the CTRIUMPH and EDOTS cohorts to address our study objectives. This will enable us to measure the association of polymorphisms with multiple clinical outcomes simultaneously and...

Immune Responses and Effect of Disulfiram on MTB Infected PBMCs as a Potential Host Directed Therapy

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2018-11-26
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Dr. Mandar Paradkar is lead investigator for this study that is assessing the immune responses of adult pulmonary TB patients enrolled in the CTRIUMPh study, using PBMC samples of those with harmful use of alcohol assessed by AUDIT scores ≥ 8 compared to non-alcoholics (AUDIT < 8). Aim 1: To...

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Transcriptomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Type 2 diabetes is an...

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Metabolomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM...

Lipid Mediators of Inflammation in TB and TB-Diabetes

Post Date: 
2017-10-02
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This study was terminated August 1, 2019. It was funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health and is nested within Impact of Diabetes on TB Treatment Outcomes. Dr. Jonathan Golub was the PI. Studies have shown that individuals with...

Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

Post Date: 
2017-08-29
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New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

Validation of Transcriptional Signature to Predict Active TB Disease among Advanced HIV Patients

Post Date: 
2017-08-15
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This study was terminated June 20, 2021. There have been tremendous advances in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculosis (TB) based on nucleic acid amplification of bacteria in the sputum. The GenXpert MTB/RIF provides results in 2 hours. However, in HIV-infected sputum...

Association of Lipid Mediators of Inflammation with TB Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2017-08-03
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This study was terminated July 22, 2019. This study used stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB...

Residual Respiratory Impairment Following Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2015-09-13
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This study is conducted by the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Many TB patients have...

Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH)

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2013-09-28
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Collaboratively funded by the US NIH, India’s Department of Biotechnology [DBT], and Indian Council of Medical Research, the Cohort for TB Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) is an Indo-US research consortium that is part of RePORT India, a countrywide consortium for TB...

BWI CTU: Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit

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2007-02-02
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Comprising clinical trial sites at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, Whitman Walker Health in Washington, DC, and the BJGMC-CCGHE collaboration in Pune, India, the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU) is one of only 25 international HIV/TB clinical trial sites funded by the...

Concomitant pulmonary disease is common among patients with extrapulmonary TB

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2022-08-12
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Dr. Shivakumar and his group discovered that a high proportion of patients classified as EPTB in India have concomitant PTB. Their results support the need for improved symptom and CXR screening, and recommends routine sputum TB microbiology screening of all Indian patients with EPTB.

Clinical and Immunological Markers of Pulmonary Impairment among People with HIV(PWH) in India

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2022-05-12
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Background Despite anti-retroviral therapy, chronic lung diseases remain an important source of morbidity and mortality in people with HIV (PWH). We sought to identify clinical and immunological markers of pulmonary impairment among PWH in India. Methods 210 adult PWH receiving antiretroviral...

Baseline IL-6 is a biomarker for unfavorable tuberculosis treatment outcomes: a multi-site discovery and validation study

Post Date: 
2021-11-08
Publication: 
The European Respiratory Journal
Dr. Akshay Gupte and colleagues discovered that elevated IL-6 can predict poor treatment outcomes, showcasing a need for including IL-6 in clinical screenings.

Unhealthy alcohol use independently associated with unfavorable TB treatment outcomes among Indian men

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2021-03-10
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
This study by Samyra Cox and colleagues highlights the need for integrating effective alcohol interventions into TB care.

Higher interleukin-6 levels and changes in transforming growth factor-β are associated with lung impairment in pulmonary tuberculosis

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2021-01-18
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ERJ Open Resource
Higher levels of IL-6 and slow-to-resolve TGF-β are associated with lung impairment in treated tuberculosis. These results have important implications for clinical trials of immunomodulatory therapies to prevent tuberculosis-associated lung disease. http://openres.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/...

Higher IL-6 Levels and Changes in TGF-β are Associated with Lung Impairment in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

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2021-01-08
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ERJ
Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is associated with granuloma formation, necrosis and cavitation in lung tissue. Lung injury in PTB can persist despite microbiological cure and is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) independent of smoking exposure[1]. Furthermore, pulmonary...

Integration of metabolomics and transcriptomics reveals novel biomarkers in the blood for tuberculosis diagnosis in children

Post Date: 
2020-11-11
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Scientific Reports
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem. Improved pediatric diagnostics using readily available biosources are urgently needed. We used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to analyze plasma metabolite profiles of Indian children with active TB (n = 16) and age- and sex...

Tuberculosis preventive treatment should be considered for all household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in India

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2020-07-29
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PLoS One
PLoS One: Dr. Mandar Paradkar and colleagues conducted a CTRIUMPH study that supports TB preventive therapy for all household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in India

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Endotypes in Low- and Middle-Income Country Settings: Precision Medicine for All

Post Date: 
2020-07-15
Publication: 
Am J Respir Crit Care Med
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease marked by largely irreversible airflow obstruction due to small airway obstruction and emphysema that results from complex gene–environment interactions over the lifespan of an individual. Although the clinical definition of...

Once-weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid for Tuberculosis Prevention in Patients With HIV Taking Dolutegravir-Based Antiretroviral Therapy: A Phase 1/2 Trial

Post Date: 
2020-03-30
Publication: 
Lancet HIV
Short-course preventive therapy with 12 doses of once-weekly rifapentine (900 mg) plus isoniazid (900 mg) could greatly improve tuberculosis control, especially in areas with high co-endemicity with HIV.

Lipid mediators of inflammation and resolution in individuals with tuberculosis and tuberculosis-diabetes

Post Date: 
2019-11-11
Publication: 
Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Individuals with concurrent tuberculosis (TB) and Type 2 diabetes (DM) have a higher risk of adverse outcomes. To better understand potential immunological differences, we utilized a comprehensive panel to characterize pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving (i.e., mediators involved in the resolution...

MAL adaptor (TIRAP) S180L polymorphism and severity of disease among tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2019-10-31
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Infection, Genetics, and Evolution
Infection, Genetics, and Evolution : We investigated the association of TIRAP variants with severity of TB disease and IP-10 production in humans, which may be useful in predicting poor clinical outcome

Incidence of tuberculosis in HIV-infected adults on first- and second-line antiretroviral therapy in India

Post Date: 
2019-10-29
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BMC Infectious Diseases
In this study among people living with HIV, Akshay Gupte and colleagues found that the risk of acquiring tuberculosis was higher in those receiving first-line antiretrovial therapy versus those receiving second-line medications.

Vitamin D status and risk of incident tuberculosis disease: A nested case-control study, systematic review, and individual-participant data meta-analysis

Post Date: 
2019-09-11
Publication: 
PLoS Medicine
Background: Few studies have evaluated the association between preexisting vitamin D deficiency and incident tuberculosis (TB). We assessed the impact of baseline vitamins D levels on TB disease risk. Methods and findings: We assessed the association between baseline vitamin D and incident TB in a...

Smoking, alcohol use disorder and tuberculosis treatment outcomes: A dual co-morbidity burden that cannot be ignored

Post Date: 
2019-07-31
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PLoS One
BACKGROUND: More than 20% of tuberculosis (TB) disease worldwide may be attributable to smoking and alcohol abuse. India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products, a major consumer of alcohol particularly among males, and has the highest burden of TB globally. The impact of...

Infection free "resisters" among household contacts of adult pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-07-18
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PLoS One
Despite substantial exposure to infectious pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases, some household contacts (HHC) never acquire latent TB infection (LTBI). Characterizing these "resisters" can inform who to study immunologically for the development of TB vaccines. We enrolled HHCs of culture-confirmed...

Age-specific prevalence of TB infection among household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis: Is it time for TB preventive therapy?

Post Date: 
2019-06-21
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Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of TB patients are at high risk of developing evidence of latent TB infection (LTBI) and active disease from the index patient. We estimated the age-specific prevalence of LTBI and the force of infection (FI), as a measure of recent transmission, among HHCs of...

Assessment of lung function in successfully treated tuberculosis reveals high burden of ventilatory defects and COPD

Post Date: 
2019-05-23
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PLoS One
New in PLoS One: We found a high burden of lung function defects and COPD in tuberculosis cases who successfully completed treatment, suggesting a need for lung function screening as part of patient management.

Subtherapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-05-10
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Trends in HbA1c levels and implications for diabetes screening in tuberculosis cases undergoing treatment in India

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2018-07-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
SETTING: The optimal timing of screening for diabetes mellitus (DM) among tuberculosis (TB) cases is unclear due to the possibility of stress hyperglycemia. DESIGN: We evaluated adult (18 years) pulmonary TB cases at treatment initiation as well as at 3 months,...

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Abhilash Suresh

Baltimore, Maryland
Abhilash Suresh is a BS candidate in biomedical engineering at Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering (2018), who worked with Drs. Akshay Gupte and Shri Vijay Bala Yogendra Shivakumar on the C-TRIUMPH substudy on Residual Respiratory Impairment Following Pulmonary Tuberculosis. During May and June 2016 he conducted a field placement in Chennai, India, at the National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis where he worked under Dr. Shivakumar. Awards 2016 Global Health Established Field Placement Grant ...

Researchers Identify Biomarker that Heralds Poor Outcomes in TB Patients

Post Date: 
2021-11-09
Dr. Akshay Gupte and colleagues discovered that elevated IL-6 can predict poor treatment outcomes, showcasing a need for including IL-6 in clinical screenings.

Cured TB patients run risk of lung disease: Study

Post Date: 
2019-06-03
Source: 
The Telegraph (India)
Dr. Akshay Gupte comments on recent findings that many who've recovered from TB face increased risk of COPD

Celebrating Johns Hopkins Medicine's impact in India

Post Date: 
2017-12-13
Source: 
The Campaign for Johns Hopkins Medicine
In 4 years, the CCGHE has tripled its capacity for conducting research on grave health threats, thanks to strong philanthropic support.

Amita Gupta and colleagues discuss female leadership in academic global health

Post Date: 
2017-05-04
Drs. Gupta, Manabe, Mathad discuss need for more women in global health leadership at CUGH's annual meeting.

Advancing Global TB Research through RePORT

Post Date: 
2016-02-29
Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) International is a large, international tuberculosis research effort being undertaken by 4 regional consortia: RePORT Brazil, RePORT South Africa, RePORT Indonesia, and RePORT India. While each region collects and maintains...