Publications

Pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions of isoniazid and efavirenz in pregnant women living with HIV in high TB incidence settings: importance of genotyping

Post Date: 
2020-09-09
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Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
World Health Organization guidelines recommend that individuals living with HIV receive ≥6 months of isoniazid preventive therapy, including pregnant women.

The effect of TB treatment on health-related quality of life for people with advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2020-09-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
BACKGROUND: Study A5274 was an open-label trial of people with HIV (PLHIV) with CD4 cell count <50 cells/µL who were randomized to empirical TB treatment vs. isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in addition to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by...

An Evaluation of Baseline Kidney Function in the REPRIEVE Trial of Pitavastatin in Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Post Date: 
2020-08-01
Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Background Chronic kidney disease is a common comorbid condition among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (PWH). We characterized baseline kidney function in the REPRIEVE (Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV) trial cohort. Methods REPRIEVE enrolled PWH with low to...

Tuberculosis preventive treatment should be considered for all household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in India

Post Date: 
2020-07-29
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PLoS One
PLoS One: Dr. Mandar Paradkar and colleagues conducted a CTRIUMPH study that supports TB preventive therapy for all household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in India

Impact of the Fogarty Training Program on Trainee and Institutional Research Capacity Building at a Government Medical College in India

Post Date: 
2020-07-28
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Annals of Global Health
Gauri Dumal and colleagues assess the impact of the 5-year HIV-TB research training program on building individual research capacity at BJGMC.

Effects of Pregnancy and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy on M. tuberculosis Interferon Gamma Response Assays in Women with HIV

Post Date: 
2020-07-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
944 women with HIV participating in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing 28 weeks of IPT antepartum versus postpartum, were tested by QuantiFERON-gold-in-tube (QGIT) antepartum and by QGIT and tuberculin skin test (TST) at delivery and postpartum.

Clinical features associated with linezolid resistance among multidrug resistant tuberculosis patients at a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2020-07-24
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Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and other Mycobacterial Diseases
Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an increasing problem worldwide, and 24% occurs in India. Linezolid is associated with improved MDR-TB treatment outcomes but causes significant side-effects and drug susceptibility testing (DST) is rarely available. This study assessed...

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Endotypes in Low- and Middle-Income Country Settings: Precision Medicine for All

Post Date: 
2020-07-15
Publication: 
Am J Respir Crit Care Med
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease marked by largely irreversible airflow obstruction due to small airway obstruction and emphysema that results from complex gene–environment interactions over the lifespan of an individual. Although the clinical definition of...

Drug resistant TB spine in a two year old child: A case report

Post Date: 
2020-07-14
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Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Spinal tuberculosis (TB) is a disease of high morbidity that is associated with deformity and neurological sequelae, especially in growing children. Children diagnosed with spinal TB need to be monitored closely for clinical improvements. Previous history of antituberculous therapy (ATT), poor...

Mullen Scales of Early Learning Adaptation for Assessment of Indian Children and Application to Tuberculous Meningitis

Post Date: 
2020-07-04
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Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Introduction: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) results in significant morbidity and mortality among children worldwide. Associated neurocognitive complications are common but not well characterized. The Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), a well-established measure for assessment of...

A mobile health-facilitated behavioral intervention for community health workers improves exclusive breastfeeding and early infant HIV diagnosis in India: A cluster randomized trial

Post Date: 
2020-07-03
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Journal of the International AIDS Society
When community health workers used a mobile health intervention with HIV+ women to deliver care, there was a higher uptake of exclusive breastfeeding at two months and early infant HIV diagnosis at six weeks

Trends and gender differences in access to HIV care with scale up of national HIV treatment guidelines in India

Post Date: 
2020-06-24
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Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Test and treat is the current global standard, yet sex differences persist in access to HIV care. We assessed the differences in presentation and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake by sex and ART-eligibility period among ART-naive adults registered at a public ART center in India. Four ART...

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Behavioral and Mobile Health Intervention (COMBIND) Shown to Increase Uptake of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Care in India

Post Date: 
2020-05-24
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BMC Public Health
A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Option B+ program, among HIV- infected pregnant/breastfeeding women in India.

High Burden of Bloodstream Infections Associated with Antimicrobial Resistance and Mortality in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-05-18
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing threat to newborns in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study in three tertiary Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in Pune, India, to describe the epidemiology of neonatal bloodstream...

Intensified short symptom screening program for Dengue infection during pregnancy, India

Post Date: 
2020-04-15
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Emerging Infectious Diseases
Mosquitoborne diseases (e.g., malaria, dengue, and chikungunya) are endemic to India and pose diagnostic challenges during pregnancy. We evaluated an intensified short symptom screening program in India to diagnose dengue during pregnancy. During October 2017-January 2018, we screened pregnant...

Once-weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid for Tuberculosis Prevention in Patients With HIV Taking Dolutegravir-Based Antiretroviral Therapy: A Phase 1/2 Trial

Post Date: 
2020-03-30
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Lancet HIV
Short-course preventive therapy with 12 doses of once-weekly rifapentine (900 mg) plus isoniazid (900 mg) could greatly improve tuberculosis control, especially in areas with high co-endemicity with HIV.

TB prevention strategies and unanswered questions for pregnant and postpartum women living with HIV: the need for improved evidence

Post Date: 
2020-03-23
Publication: 
Journal of the International AIDS Society
World TB Day viewpoint on the need for more data about TB treatment for pregnant and postpartum women in J Int AIDS Soc by Drs. Jyoti Mathad and Amita Gupta.

HIV, Pregnancy, and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy. Reply

Post Date: 
2020-03-19
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The New England Journal of Medicine
Gupta et al. (Oct. 3 issue)1 report a higher incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who were exposed to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) during the second and third trimesters than among those not exposed to IPT during pregnancy. From...

Hepatotoxicity and Liver-Related Mortality in Women of Child-Bearing Potential Living With HIV and High CD4 Counts Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens

Post Date: 
2020-03-12
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Severe hepatotoxicity in people with HIV receiving efavirenz (EFV) has been reported. We assessed the incidence and risk factors of hepatotoxicity in women of child-bearing age initiating EFV-containing regimens. Methods: In the PROMISE trial, ART-naïve pregnant women with HIV and CD4...

Tuberculosis in children, adolescents, and women

Post Date: 
2020-02-27
Publication: 
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
In this Lancet Respiratory Medicine commentary, Dr. Amita Gupta and colleagues note that TB prevalence among children, adolescents, and women isn't well documented. This poses big challenges for the goal of TB elimination.

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